Considering the evolution of different production systems, military logistics needs of strong management and firm supply chains to guarantee the success of its endeavors. The organization of armies grows with the passing of the years as the need for more production of armament increases, as well as the necessity for better transportation, ammunitions and overall goods needed for smooth operations. Out of that need for effective military logistics and the requirements for new strategies, the option of providing measurable goals and the creation of a focus in the necessary means to accomplish those goals is born.
From the military point of view, the field defines this type of logistics in general as a small portion of the art of war with the objective of providing the necessary means to the armed forces to satisfy adequately the demands of conflict. Here the objective is to provide all the necessary strategy and the indispensable elements required by the entire personnel, such as weaponry and services, which at the same time generate benefits that are sufficient for the strains of the battlefield and to uphold the morale and combat effectiveness of the troops. From the beginnings of what we know as modern and effective warfare, we have known that a strong supply chain and efficient logistics are the elements that win wars.
A branch that seeks to establish the theories and principles that normally applies to operational processes. Due to its ample content and the complexity of its functions, it is considered a science juxtaposed to other auxiliary disciplines like management, economics, and organizational awareness; this last one being the place where new principles and practices are implemented and applied.
Here is where the principles of this science are put into work, and the solutions to countermeasures dealt with during conflict are resolved. Inside practical logistics, you can find other classifications such as:
High-Level Logistics: They are in charge of solving macroeconomic issues within the state of readiness and operational efficiency of the forces. This means that in many cases, the growth of a nation is conflicted by the necessity to fulfill those needs and, in some cases, social issues become present as well as threats to the integrity and stability of the means of production.
Operational Logistics: This takes care of the supply of physical goods committed to the conflict and act in front of the competition that exists in the market, a place where management begins to find difficulties due to the limitations of locally available natural and financial resources, as well as with the legal restrictions that do not allow the implementation of certain strategies. Here is where the operational logistics intervene and creates production and marketing strategies with the purpose of drawing the local and foreign consumer, promoting the development within this spaces that previously impair their process and thus generate a higher purchasing capacity within the community.
Production Logistics: This directly relates to the acquisition of means necessary to support combat operations and it goes hand-to-hand with strategies where resources are organized and their spending is planned in order to be able to provide them to a nation that needs to face a particular conflict.
Consumption logistics: This area is in charge of the distribution of means and materials according to the needs of the parties involved. It goes together with the order of responsibility required for each different type of operation and the need to quickly solve the issues that become present as a consequence of confrontation.
A process where everything is organized correctly and in sequential order while guiding production with the purpose of covering basic logistics functions, there are divided into three: Identification of needs, resource procurement, and transport-delivery.
Identification of Needs: This is one of the most important components in the planning process because the satisfaction behind the process and the arrival of good needed are highly dependent upon this phase. Without an effective identification of the necessary material or service, the process will not take place because the means available will not satisfy the demand. All of this can lead to tactical, or strategic action being aborted because the adequate elements needed are not available to meet the demands of the conflict.
Resource procurement: This eases the collection of necessary resources and the adequate consequent actions necessary to reach the intended destination. No matter what the demands of command are, here is where the necessary resources must be supplied, being directly or indirection, and due to the volume of resources needed the effectiveness of the operation will be affected on their way to achieving the best possible operational reach.
Transport-Delivery: It is known that the final part of the logistics cycle is associated with the satisfaction of the parties involved and the demands of the conflict. Transportation is normally considered the most essential part of the logistics cycle because the success of an effective distribution depends highly on the adaptability of the means of transportation and the company involved in their movement.
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